If you're using Debian, just run as root:
# apt install tor
Debian provides the LTS version of Tor. Note that this might not always give you the latest stable Tor version, but you will receive important security fixes. To make sure that you're running the latest stable version of Tor, see option two below.
Do not use the packages in Ubuntu's universe. In the past they have not reliably been updated. That means you could be missing stability and security fixes.
Raspbian is not Debian. Tor might run fine on the Raspberry Pi 2 / 3 but not the first generation Pi. These packages might be confusingly broken for Raspbian users, since Raspbian called their architecture armhf but Debian already has an armhf. See this post for details.
To install Tor you need root privileges. Below all commands that need to be run
as root user like apt and dpkg are prepended with '#',
while commands to be run as user with '$' resembling the standard
prompt in a terminal. To open a root terminal you have several options:
sudo su, or
sudo -i, or
Note that sudo asks for your user password, while su expects
the root password of your system.
GNU Privacy Guard version 2.1 is needed for
this guide. If you are using an older version, consider upgrading to gnupg2
or replace 'gpg2' below with
gpg --keyserver hkp://pool.sks-keyservers.net
since the keyserver option was mandatory for older versions.
apt-transport-tor: To use source lines with https:// in /etc/apt/sources.list the apt-transport-https package is required. Install it with
to enable all package managers using the libapt-pkg library to access metadata and packages available in sources accessible over https (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure).# apt install apt-transport-https
sources.list: You'll need to set up our package repository before you can fetch Tor. First, you need to figure out the name of your distribution. A quick command to run is lsb_release -c or cat /etc/debian_version. If in doubt about your Debian version, check the Debian website. For Ubuntu, ask Wikipedia.
I run and want
You need to add the following entries to
or a new file in
deb https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org jessie main
Then add the gpg key used to sign the packages by running the following commands at your command prompt:
# gpg2 --recv A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 # gpg2 --export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | apt-key add -
We provide a Debian package to help you keep our signing key current. It is recommended you use it. Install it with the following commands:
# apt update # apt install tor deb.torproject.org-keyring # apt install build-essential fakeroot devscripts # apt build-dep tor deb.torproject.org-keyring
Then you can build Tor in ~/debian-packages:
$ mkdir ~/debian-packages; cd ~/debian-packages $ apt source tor $ cd tor-* $ debuild -rfakeroot -uc -us $ cd ..
Now you can install the new package:
# dpkg -i tor_*.deb
Now Tor is installed and running. Move on to step two of the "Tor on Linux/Unix" instructions.
The DNS name
deb.torproject.org is actually a set of independent
servers in a DNS round robin configuration. If you for some reason cannot
access it you might try to use the name of one of its part instead. Try
deb.torproject.org is also served through via an onion service:
To use Apt with Tor the according apt transport needs to be installed:
# apt install apt-transport-tor
Then replace the address in the lines added before with, for example:
# For the stable version. deb tor://sdscoq7snqtznauu.onion/torproject.org <DISTRIBUTION> main # For the unstable version. deb tor://sdscoq7snqtznauu.onion/torproject.org tor-nightly-master-<DISTRIBUTION> main
Now refresh your sources and try if it's still possible to install tor:
# apt update # apt install tor
See onion.torproject.org for all torproject.org onion addresses.